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Description of Kastina state
The state of Katsina may be found in the northwest region of Nigeria's geopolitical zone. In 1987, Katsina State separated from Kaduna State to form its own entity. Currently, the states of Kaduna, Zamfara, Kano, and Jigawa border Katsina. The state capital and the town of Daura, both known as the "Home of Hospitality," have been called "ancient centres of Islamic culture and study" in Nigeria.
Katsina State is the 17th largest of the country's 36 states in terms of land area, but it is the fifth largest by population, with about 5,800,000 people as of 2006. The state's major ethnic group is the Hausa people, and Islam is the state's most popular religion. Katsina was the sixth state in Nigeria to adopt Sharia law, doing so in 2005.
Katsina is a city in northern Nigeria, the state capital of Katsina, and is located not far from the Niger border. Kacinna (Katsena, Katsina) was the wife of Janzama (a Durbawa king at the time) and a princess of Daura; the town was named for her and was likely constructed around 1100 at Ambuttai, the residence of Katsina's Hausa kings and the annual meeting place for the rulers of neighbouring Durbi (the legendary home of the Hausa people, 49 miles [79 km] east). Katsina, after a brief period (c. 1513-54) under the Songhai askias ("emperors"), rose to prominence as the Hausa states' primary trans-Saharan caravan center in the late 16th century, a position it held until around 1815, when it was eclipsed by Kano and bypassed by new trade routes running south to the Gulf of Guinea coast.
The Fulani emirs of Katsina continue to play traditional and advisory roles and live in the Kangiwa ("Elephant's Head") palace; among the palace's royal treasures is Gajere, a sword with an Arabic inscription dating back to the 13th century that was used in the overthrow of the Kumayo-Durbawa dynasty in the early 14th century. The Gobarau Minaret is a 50-foot (15-meter) tower made of mud and palm branches that is associated with the town's enormous central mosque and likely dates back to the 18th century. The town's original wall, which stretched for 13.5 miles (22 kilometers), is now in ruins.
Katsina, Nigeria, is located 92 miles (148 km) to the southeast of the national capital, Kano, and serves as a significant transportation hub for the export of groundnuts and hides and skins. Sorghum, millet, onions, vegetables, peanuts, indigo, goats, chickens, sheep, cattle, and cotton are all commodities that change hands in Katsina's main market. The town's mostly Hausa population is skilled in a variety of trades, including weaving and dying cotton, leather and metalworking, and the creation of ceramics, needlework, and calabashes. Vegetable oil mills and a steel-rolling facility are only two examples of the modern industries that sprung up after the 1970s.
Katsina is one of the Nigerian states that has been severely hit by terrorism in recent years. The terrorist organization Boko Haram abducted approximately 300 children from the town of Kankara in the year 2020.
About 23,938 square kilometers of land make up Katsina State (9,243 sq mi). Its coordinates are: latitude 110° 07' 49N; longitudes 6052'03E; and longitude 99002E. The northern part of the state is characterized by the tropical grassland known as savannah, and the state experiences both a rainy and dry season.
Katsina State is a specified place for both formal and informal education. Katsina state currently has Federal College of Education Katsina, Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic, Federal University Dutsin-Ma, the federal University of katsina state, which was renamed after the late President Umaru Musa Yar'adua, Alqalam University Katsina;
There are seven degree awarding institutions in Katisna state possess by different bodies the institutions are Umaru Musa Yar'adua University, owned by the state government. Alqalam University Katsina, is known as the first Islamic university in Nigeria and it is privately owned. Federal University Dutsinma,established by the federal government. Federal College of Education Katsina state (affiliated to Bayero University Kano). National Open University of Nigeria in Katsina state. Cherish Institute Batsari, a privately owned university awarding degree in health courses.
Different types of mineral resources are bound in many locations across Katsina state. The major once include: Gold, Uranium, Iron ore,. Nikel, Asbestos, Kaolin, Silica Sands, Fire Clay, Lead Oxide, Manganese, Ball Clay and various types of precious stones. Occupation of the people.
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Katsina State for almost every (male) is involved in some form of agriculture.Farming is mostly practice in the old way using traditional implements such as hoe and ox-driven plough. Modern farming is equally gaining ground in Kaduna state with large-scale farming. The crops grown in Katsina state include, Millets, Guinea Corn, Groundnut, Maize, Cotton, Rice, Yam, Cassava, Sugar cane and Soya beans. Animal husbandry is another occupation in the State. This is why Kaduna state has abundant meat and milk. Not only those, vegetables are grown in abundance. Vegetables such as tomatoes, onions, lotus and pepper. In Katsina state apart from Agriculture, craft works is another traditional busness of the people of Katsina State. These include Cloth Weaving, Iron works, Pottery and Ceramics, Leather works, Wood and Calabash carvings and Raffia work.
Katsina State has a number of industries such as the Dana Steel formerly Katsina Steel Rolling Company, Saulawa Machines and Fabrication Factory, Hamada Carpets, Funtua Textiles, Shema Industries Dutsin-ma, Funtua Cotton Seeds Crushing Company, Katsina state .Oil Mill, Funtua Bottling Company, Northern Dairies Funtua, Funtua Burnt Bricks Factory, Kankara Kaolin Processing Company, Funtua Cotton Ginnery, Malumfashi Cotton Ginnery, Katsina Flour Mills, e.t.c.