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Description of Yobe State
Formed on August 27, 1991, it is a predominantly agricultural state. Once part of Borno State, Yobe State was split off. Damaturu is the state capital, while Potiskum is where the majority of Yobe State's residents live.
On August 27, 1991, Yobe State officially became its own nation. The Babangida government partitioned off this territory from the former Borno State. The former Borno State was one of the largest in Nigeria in terms of land size, making it too large for simple administration and substantial development, which is why Yobe State was founded. Interethnic strife in the former Borno State also had a role.
The plains of Yobe are drained by two rivers: the seasonal Komadugu Yobe River and its tributaries in the north, and the year-round Gongola River in the south. The state's landscape is dominated by Sudan savanna flora, with occasional acacia trees. Savanna, characterized by its sandy soils and thorn scrub, can be found far further north. As the largest ethnic community in the state, the Kanuri play a crucial role in state politics. The main crops include sorghum, millet, peanuts, cowpeas, corn, maize, sesame, and cotton. The majority of the populace is employed in cattle herding and farming. Nguru, Potiskum, and Gashua are all sizable marketplaces in addition to the state capital, Damaturu. Main roads run through the state, linking cities like Potiskum and Damaturu to the capital city of Maiduguri (in Borno state)
Damaturu is a city and the state capital of Yobe in northeastern Nigeria. In 1991, when the state of Yobe was established, Damaturu was made its capital. The village is located in a savanna-covered lowlands region where millet, sorghum (Guinea corn), and peanuts are grown (groundnuts). It serves as a major marketplace between Potiskum and Maiduguri.
The Fulani and Kanuri are the two largest ethnic groups in Yobe State, but there are also many other communities there, such as the Bolewa, Ngizim, Bade, Hausa, Ngamo, Shuwa, Bura, Marghi, karai-karai, and Manga.
Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, and Jigawa are the states to which it is adjacent.
To the east is Borno State, to the south is Gombe State, to the west are Bauchi and Jigawa States, and to the north is the Niger Republic. The regions of Diffa and Zinder, Niger, lie to its north. Conditions are hot and dry for the most of the year because the state is located in the dry savanna area, with the exception of the southern section of the state, which receives greater annual rainfall.
Yobe is primarily a farming state, but it also has substantial mineral deposits, such as the gypsum and kaolin found in Fune Local Government. Gum arabic, groundnuts, beans, and cotton are among the State's agricultural products. One of the greatest cattle markets in all of West Africa is located in Potiskum, which is also the capital of the state.
Trauna, kaolinite, gypsum, gravel, silca sand, limestone, diatomite, tinomite, and quartz
The agricultural sector is the business of the economy of Yobe state and increase about 40 percent to the state's gross domestic product (GDP) with crop production and livestock as the major drives.
Yobe State’s structure has a rich and various old and cultural heritage. There are (5) main ethnic groups in Yobe state which include the Kanuri, Fulani, karekare, Bade and Hausa. Yobe state are known for their rich culture and traditions arising from their old connection with North Africa and Eastern Arabian. Yobe state provides irradiate perspective to the display of horses, regalia and spectacular horsemanship to bring about colour, pump and pageantry. The yearly rainfall in Yobe state varies from 500mm-1000m and the rainy season often start from June to September in the North and May to October in the South. The two vegetation zones in Yobe state are the Sahel in the north and the Sudan Savannah in the south have been seriously under threat of desert encroachment thereby creating arid and semi-arid conditions.