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Description of Kano, Nigeria
To the north of the rest of Nigeria lies one of the country's 36 states, Kano State. Kano State has the most people in Nigeria in a national census taken that year (2006). Recent official estimates from 2016 by the National Bureau of Statistics confirmed that Kano State was, once again, Nigeria's most populous. Located in northern Nigeria, Kano State was established in 1967 from what was then known as the Northern Region. It shares boundaries with Katsina State to the northwest, Jigawa State to the northeast, Bauchi State to the southeast, and Kaduna State to the southwest. Kano, the state capital and largest metropolis, is Nigeria's second-most populous city after Lagos. Abdullahi Umar Ganduje is currently serving as governor of the state. On May 29, 2015, he was sworn into office.
Current Day The Kingdom of Kano, which had its capital at Dalla Hill and flourished from before the year 1000 AD to 1349, was just one of many dynasties that arose in what is now Kano State. Kano's emergence as a commercial hub in Hausaland can be traced back to the opening of Kurmi Market in the 15th century; the market is still operating in the modern day, and its significance is reflected in the state's nickname, the Centre of Commerce. As the Hausa Kingdoms rose to prominence in the 16th and 17th centuries, the Sultanate of Kano emerged as the most powerful. In 1903, the Kano Emirate fell to British forces, and the territory was subsequently included into the Northern Nigeria Protectorate. Pre-colonial Kano City was home to a diverse array of peoples, including the Hausa, Fulani, Beriberi (Kanuri), Tuareg, Arab, Nupe, and a few tribes from southern Nigeria. The majority of residents of Kano city now identify as Hausa, and many more now use Hausa as their first language.
Today's Kano is a major economic and manufacturing hub. Peanuts (groundnuts) are a staple food and major export for the area. After gold, hides and skins are the second most popular traditional export. The livestock industry is very active. Local farms run by non-Muslims provide the region with pigs that are then transported to the Nigerian city of Lagos. Furthermore, other regions in Nigeria receive regular deliveries of eggs. Manufacturing mats, leather goods, metalwork, clothing, ceramics, and textiles are all examples of traditional industries. There are local dye pits that have been used for ages to color textiles and leather.
After gaining its independence, Kano State quickly became a major hub for several industries and economic activities, including agriculture, banking, and the Islamic financial sector
Several large industrial estates, including Bompai, Chawalla, and Sharada, serve as the nerve centers for the city's manufacturing sector. Baked goods, pasta, processed meat, crushed bone, canned food, peanuts, peanut and vegetable oils, and soft drinks are just some of the city's many food products. Products such as plastics, leather goods, metal and wood furniture, hospital and office equipment, containers and packing cases, wire products, tiles, and enamelware are examples of light manufacturing. Asbestos, cement, concrete blocks, metal structural products, bicycles, automobiles, trucks, and chemicals are all products of the heavy industries. Steel is rolled at a mill, and there is a printing press as well.
The city of Kano, the state capital, is a major industrial hub that produces a wide variety of goods including processed foods, textiles, furniture, cement, rolled steel, and even light trucks. Most of the people who live in the state are either Hausa or Fulani, but there are also other Nigerians, Arab traders, and Europeans who have settled there. Its most important commercial hubs are Kano city, Rano, and Wudil. The Hausa language is the prevalent language in the state, as it is in most of Northern Nigeria. Challenges encountered by Kano State in the 21st century include attacks by Islamist terrorist group Boko Haram inter-religious violence, and abject poverty Kano State, with its large Muslim population, is one of Nigeria's twelve states that, within the bounds of the Nigerian Constitution, follows Sharia law.
To name just a few, Kano is home to the Kurmi Market, Kantin Kwari Market, Sabon Gari Market, Kofar Wanbai Market, Galadima Market, Kurumi Market, Yankura Market, and Dawanau Market, among many more. Numerous of these marketplaces focus solely on one type of commodity, such those selling textiles or grains.
Agriculture, both for subsistence and profit, is mostly practiced in the state's more rural counties. Millet, cowpeas, sorghum, maize, and rice are some of the staple food crops grown, while groundnuts and cotton are harvested for export and industrial use. During colonial times and for some time after independence, the groundnuts grown in the state were a significant contributor to the country's economy. Hides and skins, sesame seeds, soybeans, cotton, garlic, gum arabic, and chili peppers are all highly produced in Kano State.
Both temperature and rainfall are expected to rise with climate change, according to a 2018 research of Tudun Wada, putting a greater strain on crops and necessitating greater climate change adaptation for agricultural operations.